Part Two: The Celebration of the Christian Mysteries › Section Two of Part Two: The Seven Sacraments of the Church ›› CHAPTER 1: The Sacraments of Christian Initiation ››› Article 3: The Sacrament of the Eucharist
› IN BRIEF
Questions and Answers
Lumen Gentium is a Vatican II document, the Apostolic Constitution on the Church.
1. our way of thinking is attuned to the Eucharist
2. the Eucharist in turn confirms our way of thinking.
St Irenaeus of Lyons (France) is one of the early Church Fathers.
The Greek word “eucharistein” means “to give thanks”.
Among the first Christians in Jerusalem the Eucharist was called the Breaking of Bread.
1. the bread remembers the hasty liberation of Israel from Egypt and the manna in the desert
2. the wine adds joy and an eschatological dimension.
1. to leave to the Church a pledge of His love
2. never to depart from His own
3. to make the Church share in His Passover.
1. in the synoptic Gospels (Mt, Mk, Lk)
2. in St Paul (1 Cor).
St Justin Martyr (around AD 150) is the first of the seven Early Church Fathers.
1. the Liturgy of the Word
2. the Liturgy of the Eucharist.
1. the readings from the Bible
2. the homily
3. the general intercessions.
1. to believe
2. to be baptised
3. to live in keeping with Christ’s teaching.
1. Christ’s thanksgiving through Christ to the Father
2. the sacrificial memorial of Christ
3. Presence of Christ by the power of the Holy Spirit.
1. the creation
2. the redemption
3. the sanctification.
In the liturgical celebration of these events, they become in a certain way present and real.
1. a commemoration of Christ’s Passover
2. its making present.
1. it makes present the sacrifice of the cross
2. it is its memorial until the end of the world
3. it applies its fruits for the forgiveness of sins.
1. the victim is one and the same
2. the same Christ now offers through the priests who then offered Himself on the cross.
The manner of offering the sacrifice is different: in a bloody manner on the cross, in an unbloody manner on the altar.
The “ministry of Peter” is expressed in Mt 16:18: “You are Peter and on this rock I will build my Church.”
1. in His word
2. in His Church’s prayer
3. in the poor, the sick and the imprisoned
4. in the sacraments
5. most especially in the Eucharistic species.
The term “transubstantiation” has been defined as belonging to the Faith by Lateran IV (AD 1215) and Trent (AD 1545-63).
Adoration is the first attitude of man acknowledging that he is a creature before his Creator.
1. to grant to the Church His sacramental presence as He was about to depart from His own
2. to give to the Church the memorial of the love with which He loved us to the giving of His life.
1. the altar of the sacrifice
2. the table of the Lord.
The Church, however, strongly encourages the faithful to receive the Holy Eucharist daily.
1. an increase of union with Christ
2. separation from sin
3. forgiveness of venial sins
4. preservation from future sins
5. the strengthening of the Church
6. commitment to the poor
7. helping the unity of the Church.
1. he asks for them of his own will
2. he gives evidence of holding the Catholic faith regarding these sacraments
3. he possesses the required dispositions.
It is up to the local bishop to determine whether a grave necessity is present or not.
“Eschatological” means referring to the Last Things (Judgment, Heaven, Hell, Purgatory).
1. the medicine of immortality
2. the antidote for death
3. the food that makes us live forever with Christ.