Part Two: The Celebration of the Christian Mysteries › Section Two of Part Two: The Seven Sacraments of the Church ›› CHAPTER 2: The Sacraments of Healing ››› Article 4: The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation
› IN BRIEF
Questions and Answers
1. pardon from God
2. reconciliation with the Church.
1. of conversion
2. of Penance
3. of confession
4. of forgiveness
5. of Reconciliation.
1. the weakness of human nature
2. the inclination to sin (concupiscence).
1. Baptism is the conversion of water
2. Penance is the conversion of tears.
Interior penance, however, urges expression in visible signs.
Fasting, prayer and almsgiving are the three works of Christian mercy.
1. reviving the spirit of conversion and repentance within us
2. contributing to the forgiveness of our sins.
2. each Friday, in memory of the death of the Lord.
1. God’s forgiveness, achieved through penance
2. reconciliation with the Church.
“Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
Reconciliation with the Church is inseparable from reconciliation with God.
1. in the first centuries: public penance
2. after the seventh century: secret penance only between priest and penitent.
1. the three acts of the penitent helped by grace (contrition, confession and satisfaction)
2. the action of God through the priest (absolution of sins).
1. sorrow of the soul
2. detestation for the sin committed
3. resolution not to sin again.
1. perfect contrition
2. imperfect contrition.
1. remission of venial sins
2. remission of mortal sins, if there is a resolution to go to Confession as soon as possible.
1. contrition of fear
1. the ugliness of sin
2. the fear of eternal damnation
3. the other penalties threatening the sinner.
1. frees psychologically
2. facilitates reconciliation with others
3. helps in taking responsibility for sins
4. opens to God and to the Church.
1. to form the conscience
2. to fight against evil tendencies
3. to receive healing from Christ
4. to progress in the spiritual life.
1. the material harm caused by sin
2. the injures caused by sin in the sinner
3. the damage caused in the sinner’s relationship with God
4. the damage caused in the sinner’s relationship with his neighbour.
3. works of mercy
4. service of neighbour
5. voluntary self-denial
7. the patient acceptance of the cross that we must bear.
Excommunication forbids the reception of the sacraments and the exercise of certain ecclesiastical acts.
1. having the intention and charity of Christ
2. knowledge of Christian behaviour
3. experience of human affairs
4. sensitivity toward the sinner
5. love of the truth
6. faithfulness to the Magisterium
8. prayer and penance for the penitents.
The sacramental seal of Confession admits of no exceptions.
1. to join the penitent with God in intimate friendship
2. to reconcile him with the Church.
The temporal punishment of sins consists in a satisfactory penance.
1. due disposition
2. fulfilment of certain prescribed conditions through the action of the Church.
1. partial indulgence removing part of the temporal punishment of sin
2. plenary indulgence removing all of the temporal punishment of sin.
1. is required by God’s justice and mercy
2. atones to the Church that is insulted by our crimes
3. deters others from sin
4. conforms us to Christ
5. heals the wounds of sin
6. disarms the vengeance of God.
1. here on earth or
2. after death in Purgatory.
1. obtaining indulgences from the Church
2. various practices of penance
3. good works.
1. Christ’s infinite merits before God
2. the prayers and good works of Our Lady
3. the prayers and good works of all the saints.
1. confession of sins
2. exhortation by the confessor
3. imposition of a penance
4. absolution by the priest.
1. communal preparation for confession
2. personal confession of sins and individual absolution.
1. if there is imminent danger of death without sufficient time or priests for individual confessions
2. if the penitents would be deprived of Communion for a long time due to a lack of confessors.
1. addresses every sinner personally
2. is the physician tending each one of the sick.