Part Two: The Celebration of the Christian Mysteries › Section Two of Part Two: The Seven Sacraments of the Church ›› CHAPTER 3: The Sacraments at the Service of Communion ››› Article 6: The Sacraments of Holy Orders
› IN BRIEF
Questions and Answers
In Roman antiquity the word “order” (Latin: ‘ordo”) designated an established civil body, especially with governing functions.
1. the priesthood of Aaron
2. the service of the Levites
3. the institution of the seventy elders (Num 11).
Melchizedek’s single offering as opposed to the many offerings in the Temple prefigures Christ’s unique sacrifice.
1. the ministerial or hierarchical priesthood of bishops and priests
2. the common baptismal priesthood of all the faithful.
The building up of the Church happens through the sacraments celebrated by the priest.
“In the person of Christ, the Head is in Latin: in persóna Christi cápitis.
Apart from that, ordained ministers are not preserved from human weaknesses and sin.
1. it depends entirely on Christ and on His unique priesthood
2. it has been instituted for the good of men and the Church.
“In the name of the whole Church” does therefore not mean that priests are the delegates of the community.
1. the episcopacy
2. the presbyterate.
1. the fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders
2. the high priesthood
3. the acme (Latin: “summa”) of the sacred ministry.
1. sanctifying (priest)
2. teaching (teacher)
3. ruling (shepherd).
1. in virtue of the sacramental consecration
2. by the hierarchical communion with the head and members of the college.
As a successor of the apostles he is also responsible with the other bishops for the apostolic mission of the Church.
1. to celebrate divine worship
2. to preach the Gospel
3. to shepherd the faithful.
1. to assist bishop and priest in the Liturgy
2. to distribute Holy Communion
3. to assist at and to bless marriages
4. to proclaim the Gospel and preach
5. to preside over funerals.
1. the bishop’s quiet imposition of hands on the head of the ordinand
2. the subsequent consecratory prayer of the bishop.
1. presentation and election of the ordinand
2. instruction by the bishop
3. examination of the candidate
4. litany of the saints
5. anointing with holy chrism
6. to a new bishop: giving the book of the Gospels, the ring, the mitre, the crosier
to a new priest: presentation of the paten and chalice
to a new deacon: giving the book of the Gospels.
Christ has come as the bridegroom (Jn 3:29). The male priest embodies Christ, the bridegroom.
1. Married men can be ordained as deacons and priests.
2. Once a man has received Holy Orders he can no longer marry.
3. Bishops are chosen solely from among celibate men.
1. an indelible spiritual character which confers the power to serve as Christ’s instrument
2. the grace of the Holy Spirit as a configuration to Christ as Priest, Prophet and King.
The power of the sacrament is comparable to light: passing through something defiled, it is not itself defiled.
1. to guide and defend his Church
2. to proclaim the Gospel to all
3. to be the model for his flock
4. to go before his flock on the way of sanctification.