Part One: The Profession of Faith › Section Two of Part One: The Profession of the Christian Faith: The Creeds ›› CHAPTER 3: I Believe in the Holy Spirit ››› Article 9: “I Believe in the Holy Catholic Church” ›››› §4 Hierarchy, Laity, Consecrated Life
› IN BRIEF
Questions and Answers
The “Code of Canon Law” is the collected laws of the Church.
“The evangelical counsels” are expressed in the three vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.
1. to shepherd the Church
2. to increase her numbers.
“Sacred power” is in Latin: sacra potéstas ; “in the person of Christ the Head” is in Latin: in persóna Christi Cápitis .
1. a service (“ministry”)
2. collegial (“ecclesial”)
In Mt 16 Christ says to St Peter: “I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”
There is never an ecumenical council which is not confirmed or at least recognized as such by the pope.
Bigger ecclesiastical provinces are called patriarchates.
“First” does not necessarily mean “the most important.”
The sense of faith is in Latin: sénsus fídei .
1. to preserve the faithful from deviations
2. to guarantee them the possibility of professing the true Faith.
1. as far as does the deposit of divine Revelation
2. to all doctrinal and moral elements, essential for preserving, explaining or observing the faith
3. to the specific precepts of the natural law.
This answer is explained in greater detail in CCC 2035.
1. in the extraordinary Magisterium
2. in the ordinary Magisterium.
1. by the pope alone or
2. by the pope and an Ecumenical Council with him.
The pope makes infallible pronouncements when he speaks “ex cáthedra” (Latin: from the throne), i.e. with the full weight of his office.
1. offering the holy Eucharist
2. ministring the other sacraments
3. ministring the word
4. praying and working.
1. proper: entrusted to the bishop personally
2. ordinary: associated with the episcopal office
3. immediate: not practised at the order of a superior but in the bishop’s own name.
The bishop exercises his authority in communion with the whole Church under the guidance of the Pope.
This refers especially to the social, political and economical fields.
1. by leading a conjugal life in the Christian spirit
2. by seeing to the Christian education of their children.
1. to exercise the ministry of the word
2. to preside over liturgical prayers
3. to confer Baptism
4. to distribute Holy Communion.
The habitual use of extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion is not acceptable.
CIC is the Códex Iúris Canónici, the Code of Canon Law of the Church.
1. canonically erected by the Church within institutes
2. of liturgical character
3. publicly professing the evangelical counsels
4. established in communities
5. giving witness to the world.
1. do not profess religious vows
2. pursue a particular apostolic purpose
3. lead a life as brothers or sisters in common
4. strive for perfection in charity.