Questions and Answers

1004. What three sacraments does the Christian fittingly receive before dying? (CCC 1020) Before dying the Christian fittingly receives the sacraments of Confession, the anointing of the sick and Holy Communion.
1005. How is the Particular Judgment defined? (CCC 1021) The Particular Judgment is defined as a reward for each soul immediately after death in accordance with his works and Faith.
After the resurrection of the flesh and the Last or General Judgment the reward will also be in the body.
1006. What two types of judgment does the New Testament reveal? (CCC 1021) The New Testament reveals:
1. the Particular Judgment immediately after death
2. the Last Judgment at Christ’s Second Coming.
1007. In the context of which two figures is the Particular Judgment revealed in the NT? (CCC 1021) The Particular Judgment is revealed in the New Testament in the context of:
1. the poor man Lazarus (Lk 16)
2. Christ’s words to the good thief: “Today you will be with me in Paradise” (Lk 23).
1008. How does Christ reveal the existence of an immediate reward after death? (CCC 1021) Christ reveals the existence of an immediate reward after death by saying on the cross to the good thief: “Today you will be with me in Paradise” (Lk 23).
1009. Can the soul still decide for or against God after death? (CCC 1021) No, after death the soul can no longer decide for or against God.
1010. Which four magisterial texts are most important for Eschatology? (CCC 1022) The four magisterial texts most important for Eschatology are those of:
1. Lyons II (AD 1274)
2. the Dogmatic Constitution Benedíctus Deus issued by Pope Benedict XII (AD 1336)
3. Florence (AD 1438-45)
4. Trent (AD 1545-1563).
Eschatology deals with nine things: Death, Particular Judgment, Heaven, Hell, Purgatory, Second Coming of Christ, Resurrection of the Dead, General Judgment, End of the World.
1011. When does man receive his eternal reward in his immortal soul? (CCC 1022) Man receives his eternal reward in his immortal soul at the Particular Judgment at the very moment of his death.
1012. What retribution can man expect immediately after death? (CCC 1022) Immediately after death man can expect:
1. immediate entrance into heaven or
2. entrance into heaven after a purification or
3. immediate and everlasting damnation in hell.
1013. What Council speaks about the triple fate of the dead? (CCC 1022) Lyons II (AD 1274) speaks about the triple fate of the dead: Heaven, Purgatory and Hell.
1014. On what will we be judged according to St John of the Cross? (CCC 1022) According to St John of the Cross we will be judged on our love.
St John of the Cross († 1591) was a Spanish mystic, an extensive writer, and joint founder of the Discaled Carmelites.
1015. What soul goes straight to heaven? (CCC 1023) The soul goes straight to heaven that dies:
1. in God’s grace and friendship
2. perfectly purified.
1016. What do the souls in heaven do? (CCC 1023) The souls in heaven contemplate God face to face as He is.
1017. What does Benedict XII define in the Constitution Benedíctus Deus? (CCC 1023) In the Constitution Benedíctus Deus Benedict XII († 1342) defines that since Our Lord’s Ascension, even before taking up their bodies again and before the General Judgment, the souls of the blessed have enjoyed and do enjoy the beatific vision without the mediation of any creature.
1018. What is heaven? (CCC 1024) Heaven is the place where man lives and loves in the supreme and perpetual happiness with the Most Holy Trinity in communion with the Blessed Virgin and all angels and saints.
1019. How did Jesus Christ “open” heaven to us? (CCC 1026) Jesus Christ “opened” heaven to us by His death and Resurrection.
1020. What images does Scripture use in order to describe heaven? (CCC 1027) In order to describe heaven, Scripture uses the images: life, light, peace, wedding feast, wine of the kingdom, the Father’s house, the heavenly Jerusalem, Paradise.
1021. How does St Paul describe heaven in 1 Cor 2? (CCC 1027) St Paul describes heaven in 1 Cor 2 by saying that “eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither has it entered into the heart of man, what things God has prepared for them that love Him.”
1022. What does the term “the Beatific Vision” mean? (CCC 1028) The term “the Beatific Vision” means the contemplation of God in heaven.
1023. Which souls are in the final purification or Purgatory? (CCC 1030) The souls of all those who die in God’s grace and friendship, but who are still imperfectly purified, are in Purgatory.
1024. What is Purgatory? (CCC 1031) Purgatory is the final purification of those of the elect who after death still need purification.
1025. At which two Councils did the Church define her doctrine on Purgatory? (CCC 1031) The Church defined her doctrine on Purgatory at the Councils of Florence and Trent.
1026. What is the locus classicus for the doctrine on Purgatory? (CCC 1031) The locus classicus for the doctrine on Purgatory is 1 Cor 3,15.
If any man’s work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
1027. How does St Gregory the Great use Mt 12 to explain the existence of Purgatory? (CCC 1031) St Gregory the Great uses Mt 12:31 to explain the existence of Purgatory in this way:
(1) Who blasphemes against the Spirit will be pardoned neither in this nor in the next age.
(2) This implies that there is a pardoning of sins in the age to come.
(3) This pardoning we call Purgatory.
Pope Gregory the Great (around AD 600) is one of the four original western doctors of the Church.
1028. What is the Old Testament locus classicus for the prayer for the dead? (CCC 1032) The Old Testament locus classicus for the prayer for the dead is 2 Macc 12.
2 Macc 12:46 says that Judas Maccabeus made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin.
1029. What is the first thing we can do for the souls in Purgatory? (CCC 1032) The first thing we can do for the souls in Purgatory is to offer for them the Eucharistic sacrifice.
1030. Which souls go to hell? (CCC 1033) The souls of those go to hell who die in mortal sin without repenting and accepting God’s merciful love.
1031. What is hell? (CCC 1033) Hell is a place or state of eternal punishment for those who remain forever separated from God and the blessed.
1032. What does Christ call hell? (CCC 1034) Christ calls hell “Gehenna”, “the unquenchable fire”, “the furnace of fire” or “the eternal fire”.
1033. What two things does the Church affirm about hell? (CCC 1035) The Church affirms about hell:
1. that it exists
2. that it is eternal.
1034. What is the chief punishment of hell? (CCC 1035) The chief punishment of hell is eternal separation from God.
1035. Where does the New Testament seem to say that more go to hell than to heaven? (CCC 1036) The New Testament seems to say in Mt 7 that more go to hell than to heaven.
Mt 7:13-14 says that many enter through the wide gate leading to destruction, while few enter through the narrow gate leading to life.
1036. Does God predestine some to go to hell? (CCC 1037) No, God does not predestine anybody to go to hell.
In order to go to hell a wilful turning away from God (= mortal sin) and persistence therein to the end is necessary.
1037. What event immediately precedes the Last Judgment? (CCC 1038) The event immediately preceding the Last Judgment is the resurrection of all the dead.
1038. What is the Last Judgment? (CCC 1038) The Last Judgment is the hour when all who are in the tombs will come forth, the good to the resurrection of life and the wicked, to the resurrection of judgment.
The Last Judgment is also called the “General Judgment”.
1039. What will the Last Judgment reveal about each person? (CCC 1039) The Last Judgment will reveal about each person:
1. the truth of each person’s relationship with God
2. the good each person has done or failed to do while on earth.
1040. What will the Last Judgment reveal about God’s justice and love? (CCC 1040) The Last Judgment will reveal:
1. the triumph of God’s justice over all human injustices
2. the triumph of God’s love over death.
1041. What are the new heaven and the new earth promised in the New Testament? (CCC 1043) The new heaven and the new earth promised in the New Testament are the mysterious renewal at the end which will transform men and world.
1042. What is the locus classicus for the new heaven and the new earth? (CCC 1044) The locus classicus for the new heaven and the new earth is Rev 21.