Part Two: The Celebration of the Christian Mysteries › Section One of Part Two: The Sacramental Economy ›› CHAPTER 1: The Paschal Mystery in the Age of the Church ››› Article 2: The Paschal Mystery in the Church’s Sacraments
› IN BRIEF
Questions and Answers
Penance is usually called Confession; in the Eastern Churches, Confirmation is called Chrismation.
1. the teaching of the Holy Scriptures
2. the apostolic tradition
3. the consensus of the Fathers.
The “Fathers” are the holy theologians of the first millennium.
The “mysteries of Christ’s life” are His Incarnation, His words and actions during His hidden life and public ministry.
1. powers coming forth from the Body of Christ
2. actions of the Holy Spirit at work in the Church
3. the Father’s masterworks in the everlasting covenant.
1. “by the Church”: because they are performed by the Church through Christ’s action
2. “for the Church”: because the sacraments make the Church.
1. the priesthood of all the faithful, conferred by Baptism and Confirmation
2. the ministerial priesthood received through the sacrament of Holy Orders.
The sacramental character is also called a seal.
1. it is indelible
2. it is a positive disposition for grace
3. it is a deputation (vocation) to divine worship and service.
Since the sacramental seal (=character) is indelible, sacraments that confer it cannot be repeated.
1. they presuppose faith
2. they nourish, strengthen and express faith.
1. to sanctify men
2. to build up the Body of Christ
3. to give worship to God.
“Lex orandi” is Latin and means literally: “the law of prayer/ worship”.
The Council of Trent (AD 1545-63) followed the Reformation. It rejected Protestantism and reinforced orthodoxy.
The sacrament is not wrought by the righteousness of either the celebrant or the recipient, but by Christ’s power alone.
The disposition of the one receiving the sacraments does not, however, influence on the validity of the sacrament.
“Sacramental life” is the life of a Christian who receives the sacraments regularly and worthily.
1. commemorates Christ’s Passion that precedes it
2. demonstrates the grace that is accomplished in us through the Passion
3. prefigures the future glory, that the Passion pledges to us.